Children’s Health

Daily exposure to chemicals called phthalates, which are used in the manufacture of plastic food containers and many cosmetics, may lead to roughly 100,000 premature deaths among older Americans each year, a new study shows. The resulting annual economic burden is between $40 billion and $47 billion, a value more than quadruple that of previous
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A vaccine has proved safe and effective in protecting children against typhoid, raising hopes of fighting the disease in Sub-Saharan Africa, a study says. More than 1.2 million cases of typhoid and 18,703 deaths from typhoid occur every year in the region, according to the researchers. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended the typhoid conjugate
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Children are not at risk for more severe COVID-19 disease with Delta compared to earlier severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants, finds a new medRxiv* preprint study. In the first large-scale epidemiological study comparing SARS-CoV-2 infection between variants in children, researchers found children were more likely to be as sick from Delta as
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Statement highlights: Kawasaki disease is the most common cause of acquired heart disease that develops in early childhood, creating inflammation in blood vessels, particularly heart arteries. It usually occurs before age 5 and is more common among children of Asian descent, although it affects children of all races and ethnicities. It can occur through adolescence
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Actively offering an influenza (flu) vaccination to children having surgery and general anesthesia increased the number of patients vaccinated by 3,500% at Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora, according to a study presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2021 annual meeting. The ongoing threat of a simultaneous COVID-19 pandemic and seasonal flu epidemic makes the widespread use of flu
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A potentially deadly new challenge called “dry scooping” is prevalent on the internet, and new research shows video demonstrations on one social media platform popular among teens amassed more than 8 million views. Dry scooping refers to the improper use of pre-workout supplements, a powder typically added to liquid and containing ingredients that are unsuitable
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Penn State College of Medicine researchers are involved in an ongoing study looking at the relationship between proteins called cytokines in saliva and COVID-19 infection to help predict the severity of infection. In a preliminary analysis of saliva samples from 150 children, the researchers found that levels of two cytokines were higher in those with
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Researchers with Johns Hopkins Children’s Center found that more than half of all violence-related injuries in youth treated in the emergency department (ED) were due to family violence, including child maltreatment and physical fighting. Most events involved parents or guardians. The researchers also found the majority of family violence-related injury happened at home, and the
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The World Health Organization (WHO) is recommending widespread use of the RTS,S/AS01 (RTS,S) malaria vaccine among children in sub-Saharan Africa and in other regions with moderate to high P. falciparum malaria transmission. The recommendation is based on results from an ongoing pilot programme in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi that has reached more than 800 000
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With the initiation of mass vaccination against COVID-19 worldwide in December 2020, regulatory agencies, academia, pharmaceutical companies, and other stakeholders are working on various safety surveillance strategies based on observational data. The vACCine covid-19 monitoring readinESS (ACCESS) project in Europe is funded by the European Medicines Agency and includes a protocol to evaluate background rates
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Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a serious condition associated with a recent COVID-19 infection. The syndrome is rare, and it remains unclear how the viral infection leads to MIS-C and why it only develops in some children. One hypothesis was that children with MIS-C might mount an abnormal T cell response — immune
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Stringent lockdown measures imposed in the spring of 2020 led to a dramatic drop in vaccinations among both children and adults, according to a new study led by Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). The study, which focused on data from Michigan, also found a decrease in sites providing pediatric vaccinations, particularly those dedicated to caring
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In one of the largest and most racially diverse studies to date of American children and adolescents with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine and the University of Wisconsin have identified the clinical and demographic factors associated with pediatric diabetic retinopathy. The disorder, a leading cause
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Antibiotics alone likely cannot overcome the complex factors that cause stunted growth and perpetuate the cycle of poverty in the developing world, new research suggests. To prevent stunted growth in the developing world, a “much more comprehensive approach” is needed than antibiotics alone, said Mark DeBoer, MD, of UVA Children’s. Image Credit: UVA Health An
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Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD), a nonprofit organization leading the fight to end Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne), announced that the organization’s Newborn Screening Pilot has successfully reached its completion, screening more than 36,000 babies born in New York State over the last two years. Data were presented today at the Association of Public Health Laboratories
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