Children’s Health

Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have identified one of the reasons why the childhood cancer neuroblastoma becomes resistant to chemotherapy. The findings are significant for how future treatments should be designed. The results have been published in Science Advances. Neuroblastoma is an aggressive cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, especially of the adrenal gland.
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Parental reporting of racism experienced by children in minority groups in the USA increased by 2.6% between 2016 and 2020, according to new research published in the open access Journal of Osteopathic Medicine. The most impacted groups were Indigenous and Black children, with 15% reported as experiencing racism in 2020. These findings are especially important
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Although many parents of infants worry about their child having a food allergy, there has not been a lot of research into the presentation of anaphylaxis in infants. A new study being presented at this year’s American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (ACAAI) Annual Scientific Meeting in Louisville, KY shows that, in infants aged
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A new study from investigators at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, a founding member of Mass General Brigham, the University of Virginia School of Medicine, and the University of Pittsburgh, finds that COVID-19 “Test to Treat” sites -; clinical centers launched based on a federal initiative to provide free testing, diagnosis, and immediate access to COVID-19
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Pregnant people who received one of the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines had 10-fold higher antibody concentrations than those who were naturally infected with SARS-CoV-2, a finding that was also observed in their babies, according to a new study by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania. The study, published today in
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The largest clinical trial ever conducted in infants younger than age 1 undergoing heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass found that administering steroids during surgery did not improve post-operative outcomes compared to placebo, according to preliminary late-breaking research to be presented at the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2022. The meeting, held in person in Chicago
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Using cutting edge molecular techniques in rodent models, researchers are dissecting the neurobiological mechanisms impacted by early life adversity. The findings were presented at Neuroscience 2022, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world’s largest source of emerging news about brain science and health. Childhood adversity, such as abuse, neglect, poverty, lack
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The Terasaki Institute for Biomedical Innovation (TIBI) will be hosting the Terasaki Innovation Summit on March 8-10, 2023, at the UCLA Meyer & Renee Luskin Center in Los Angeles. This inaugural event will focus on improving technological and entrepreneurial translation of personalized medicines – bringing biomedical innovations from the laboratory to the real world. Featuring
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New research presented this week at ACR Convergence 2022, the American College of Rheumatology’s annual meeting, shows that spine disease, once considered a rarity in chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, affects as many as 10-35% of patients and is asymptomatic in one-third (Abstract #1942). Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is an autoinflammatory bone disease, mainly affecting
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Depression and anxiety in the parents of children with asthma have been associated with increased clinic visits and asthma-related hospitalizations. Curbing depression among these caregivers improves control of asthma and lung function, partially through effective treatment of the child’s own depression, a new study by UT Southwestern O’Donnell Brain Institute researchers finds. Asthma is the
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In a recent study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences journal, researchers assessed the impact of infant-directed singing on the social visual behavior of the infant. Study: Music of infant-directed singing entrains infants’ social visual behavior. Image Credit: Prostock-studio/Shutterstock Background When children are young, caretakers sing to them to calm, appease
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Early diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is key to managing progression of the disease. A new technique analyzing urine extracellular vesicles (uEVs) -; cell-derived nanoscale spherical structures involved in multiple biological functions -; in urine samples identifies changes in the kidneys earlier than conventional methods and can also predict renal function decline. A team
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In a paper published in Progress in Neurobiology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine neuroscientists described compelling new evidence of a critical neuroplasticity period in the frontal brain region during adolescence, a time when major mental illnesses such as depression and schizophrenia emerge and risk-taking behavior peaks. Using more than double the resolution of typical
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A new analysis published in JAMA Network Open by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in collaboration with a retired UCSF professor reveals ongoing and worsening adolescent e-cigarette addiction in the United States. In the analysis of data from the annual National Youth Tobacco Survey, a nationally-representative survey of middle and high school students in
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Watching violent TV during the preschool years can lead to later risks of psychological and academic impairment, the summer before middle school starts, according to a new study led by Linda Pagani, a professor at Université de Montréal’s School of Psycho-Education. The study is published in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics. Before now,
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Inflammatory bowel disease is a risk factor for giving birth preterm even when in apparent disease remission, a University of Gothenburg study shows. If corroborated, the results may eventually affect recommendations for women with ulcerative colitis who tries to conceive. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is chronic inflammatory disease with a prevalence of approximately 0.5 percent.
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On November 4, 2022, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published their weekly Influenza Surveillance Report for Week 43 (October 23, 2022, to October 29, 2022). With a cumulative hospitalization rate of 2.9/100,000 cases, which amounted to a total of 4,326 patients hospitalized during Week 43, influenza infection and hospitalization rates
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A genetic test known as chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) could help identify the cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) or its counterpart in older children, known as sudden unexplained death in childhood (SUDC), finds a study led by Boston Children’s Hospital. The researchers, led by Richard Goldstein, MD, Ingrid Holm, MD, MPH, and Catherine
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